• B. Moio, G. L. Dolso, G. Inzani, N. Di Palo, R. Borrego-Varillas, M. Nisoli and M. Lucchini, “Time-frequency mapping of two-colour photoemission driven by harmonic radiation,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 54, 154003 (2021). DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/ac1ca7 [Download PDF]
  • E.P. Månsson, S. Latini, F Covito, V. Wanie, M. Galli, E. Perfetto, G. Stefanucci, H. Hübener, U. De Giovannini, M.C. Castrovilli, A. Trabattoni, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, J.B. Greenwood, F. Légaré, M. Nisoli, A. Rubio, F. Calegari, “Correlation-driven sub-3 fs charge migration in ionized adenine,” Commun. Chemistry 4, 73 (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s42004-021-00510-5
  • R. Borrego-Varillas and M. Lucchini, “Reconstruction of atomic resonances with attosecond streaking,” Opt. Expr. 29, 9711-9722 (2021). [Dowload PDF]
  • M. Lucchini, S. A. Sato, G. D. Lucarelli, B. Moio, G. Inzani, R. Borrego-Varillas, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, H. Hübener, U. De Giovannini, A. Rubio, M. Nisoli, “Unravelling the intertwined atomic and bulk nature of localised excitons by attosecond spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 12, 1021 (2021). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-21345 [Download PDF
  • E. Molteni, G. Mattioli, P. Alippi, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, L. Carlini, F. Vismarra, Y. Wu, R. Borrego Varillas, M. Nisoli, M. Singh, M. Valadan, C. Altucci, R. Richter, D. Sangalli, “A systematic study of the valence electronic structure of cyclo(Gly-Phe), cyclo(Trp-Tyr) and cyclo(Trp-Trp) dipeptides in gas phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 23, 26793-26805 (2021).


  • E. Perfetto, A. Trabattoni, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, A. Marini, G. Stefanucci
    “Ultrafast Quantum Interference in the Charge Migration of Tryptophan”
    J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 11, 891-899 (2020). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b03517
  • M. Murari, G.D. Lucarelli, M. Lucchini, M. Nisoli
    “Robustness of ePIE algorithm for the complete characterization of femtosecond, extreme ultra-violet pulses”
    Opt. Express 28, 10210 (2020). DOI: 10.1364/OE.388907
  • G.D. Lucarelli, B. Moio, G. Inzani, N. Fabris, L. Moscardi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli, M. Lucchini
    “Novel beamline for attosecond transient reflection spectroscopy in a sequential two-foci geometry”
    Rev. Sci. Instrum. 91, 053002 (2020). DOI: 10.1063/5.0005932
    [Download PDF] 

This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This article appeared in Review of Scientific Instruments and may be found at 10.1063/5.0005932 

  • P. Ye, T. Csizmadia, L. Gulyás Oldal, N.G. Harshitha, M. Füle, Z. Filus, B. Nagyillés, Z. Divéki, T. Grósz, M. Dumergue, P. Jójárt, Z. Várallyay, I. Seres, Z. Bengery, B. Major, F. Frassetto, M. Devetta, G.D. Lucarelli, M. Lucchini, B. Moio, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli, D. Charalambidis, S. Kahaly, A. Zaïr, K. Varjú
    “Attosecond pulse generation at ELI-ALPS 100 kHz repetition rate beamline”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 53, 154004 (2020). DOI  10.1088/1361-6455/ab92bf 


  • O. Pedatzur, A. Trabattoni, B. Leshem, H. Shalmoni, M.C. Castrovilli, M. Galli, M. Lucchini, E.Månsson, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, B. Nadler, O. Raz, M. Nisoli, F. Calegari, D. Oron, N. Dudovich
    “Double Blind Holography of Attosecond Pulses”
    Nature Photon. 13, 91-95 (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41566-018-0308-z
  • M. Galli, V. Wanie, D. Pereira Lopes, E.Månsson, A. Trabattoni, L. Colaizzi, K. Sarawathula, A. Cartella, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, F. Légaré, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Martínez Vázquez, R. Osellame, F. Calegari
    “Generation of deep ultraviolet sub-2 fs pulses”
    Opt. Lett. 44, 1308-1311 (2019). DOI: 10.1364/OL.44.001308
  • A. Trabattoni, M. Galli, M. Lara-Astiaso, A. Palacios, J. Greenwood, I. Tavernelli, P. Decleva, M. Nisoli, F. Martín and F. Calegari
    “Charge migration in photo-ionized aromatic amino acids”
    Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 377, 20170472 (2019). DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0472
  • G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli
    “Ultrafast lasers: From femtoseconds to attoseconds”
    Europhysics News 50, 11-14 (2019). DOI: 10.1051/epn/2019201
  • M. Nisoli
    “The Birth of Attochemistry”
    Optics & Photonics News 30, n. 07/08, 32-39 (2019). DOI: 10.1364/OPN.30.7.000032


  • Q. Liu, L. Seiffert, A. Trabattoni, M.C. Castrovilli, M. Galli, P. Rupp, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli, E. Rühl, F. Krausz, T. Fennel, S. Zherebtsov, F. Calegari, M.F. Kling
    “Attosecond streaking metrology with isolated nanotargets”
    J. Opt. 20, 024002 (2018). DOI: 10.1088/2040-8986/aa9b08
  • M. Lucchini, G.D. Lucarelli, M. Murari, A. Trabattoni, N. Fabris, F. Frassetto, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli
    “Few-femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet pulses fully reconstructed by a ptychographic technique”
    Opt. Express 26, 6771 (2018). DOI:10.1364/OE.26.006771
  • F. Calegari, A. Trabattoni, E. Månsson, J. B. Greenwood, P. Decleva, F. Martìn, M. Nisoli
    “Attosecond spectroscopy of bio-chemically relevant molecules”
    Riv. Nuovo Cimento 41, 415-461 (2018). DOI:10.1393/ncr/i2018-10150-2
  • M. Lara-Astiaso, M. Galli, A. Trabattoni, A. Palacios, D. Ayuso, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. De Camillis, J. Greenwood, P. Decleva, I. Tavernelli, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli and F. Martín
    “Attosecond pump-probe spectroscopy of charge dynamics in tryptophan”
    J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 4570-4577 (2018). DOI:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01786
  • M. C. Castrovilli, A. Trabattoni, P. Bolognesi, P. O’Keeffe, L. Avaldi, M. Nisoli, F. Calegari, R. Cireasa
    “Ultrafast Hydrogen Migration in Photoionized Glycine “
    J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 6012−6016 (2018). DOI:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02089
  • M. Lucchini, M. Nisoli
    “Refined ptychographic reconstruction of attosecond pulses “
    Appl. Sciences 8, 2563 (2018). DOI: 10.3390/app8122563


  • G. Sansone, S. Kuehn, M. Dumergue, S. Kahaly, S. Mondal, M. Fule, T. Csizmadia, F. Balazs, M. Balasz, F. Calegari, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, E. Mansson, L. Poletto, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, P. Rudawski, S. Maclot, F. Campi, H. Wikmark, C. Arnold, P. Johnsson, A. L’Huillier, R. Lopez-Martens, S. Haessler, M. Bocoum, F. Boehle, A. Vernier, G. Iaquaniello, E. Skantzakis, N. Papadakis, C. Kalpouzos, P. Tzallas, F. Lepine, D. Charalambidis, K. Varju, K. Osvay
    “The ELI-ALPS facility: the next generation of attosecond sources”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 50, 132002-1-39 (2017).
  • P. Carpeggiani, M. Reduzzi, A. Comby, H. Ahmadi, S. Kühn, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, D. Hoff, J. Ullrich, C.D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, G. Paulus, G. Sansone
    “Vectorial optical eld reconstruction by attosecond spectral interferometry”
    Nature Photon. 11, 383-389 (2017).
  • L. Seiffert, Q. Liu, S. Zherebtsov, A. Trabattoni, P. Rupp, M. C. Castrovilli, M. Galli, F. Süßmann, K. Wintersperger, J. Stierle, G. Sansone, L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, I. Halfpap, V. Mondes, C. Graf, E. Rühl, F. Krausz, M. Nisoli, T. Fennel, F. Calegari, M. F. Kling
    “Attosecond Chronoscopy of Electron Scattering in Dielectric Nanoparticles”
    Nature Phys. 13, 766-770 (2017).
  • M. Nisoli, P. Decleva, F. Calegari, A. Palacios, F. Martín
    “Attosecond electron dynamics in molecules”
    Chem. Reviews 117, 10760-10825 (2017).
  • E. P. Månsson, S. De Camillis, M.C. Castrovilli, M. Galli, M. Nisoli, F. Calegari and J. B. Greenwood
    “Ultrafast Dynamics in the DNA Building Blocks Thymidine and Thymine Initiated By Ionizing Radiation”
    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 19815-19821 (2017).
  • D. Rupp, N. Monserud, B. Langbehn, M. Sauppe, J. Zimmermann, Y. Ovcharenko, T. Möller, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, A. Trabattoni, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, K. Sander, C. Peltz, M.J.J. Vrakking, T. Fennel, A. Rouzée
    “Coherent diffractive imaging of single helium nanodroplets with a high harmonic generation source”
    Nature Commun. 8:493, 1-7 (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00287-z


  • M. Reduzzi, W-C. Chu, C. Feng, A. Dubrouil, J. Hummert, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, O. Kornilov, M. Nisoli, C. Lin, G. Sansone
    “Observation of autoionization dynamics and sub-cycle quantum beating in electronic molecular wave packets”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 065102-1-11 (2016).
  • F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli
    “Advances in attosecond science”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 062001-1-27 (2016).
  • F. Calegari, A. Trabattoni, A. Palacios, D. Ayuso, M. Castrovilli, J. Greenwood, P. Decleva, F. Martin, M. Nisoli
    “Charge migration induced by attosecond pulses in bio-relevant molecules”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 142001-1-25 (2016).


  • C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, M. Nisoli
    “Mapping the spectral phase of isolated attosecond pulses by extreme-ultraviolet emission spectrum”
    Opt. Express 23, 9858-9869 (2015).
  • F. Calegari, D. Ayuso, A. Trabattoni, L. Belshaw, S. De Camillis, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, A. Palacios, P. Decleva, J.B. Greenwood, F. Martín, M. Nisoli
    “Ultrafast Charge Dynamics in an Amino Acid Induced by Attosecond Pulses”
    IEEE J. Selec. Topics in Quantum Electr. 21, 8700512-1-12 (2015).
  • M. Reduzzi, J. Hummert, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, S. Chen, M. Wu, M. B. Gaarde, K. Schafer, G. Sansone
    “Polarization control of absorption of virtual dressed states in helium”
    Phys. Rev. A 92, 033408-1-8 (2015).
  • M. Reduzzi, P. Carpeggiani, S. Kühn, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, P. Dombi, S. Kahaly, P. Tzallas, K. Varju, K. Osvay, G. Sansone
    “Advances in high-order harmonic generation sources for time-resolved investigations”
    J. Electron Spectr. Rel. Phen. 2014, 257-268 (2015).
  • G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli
    “Light at the extremes: from femto- to atto-science for real time studies of atomic and electronic motions”
    Europhysics Lett. 112, 24001-1-7 (2015).
  • A. Trabattoni, T. Oksenhendler, H. Jousselin, G. Tempea, S. De Silvestri, G. Sansone, F. Calegari, and M. Nisoli
    “Self-referenced spectral interferometry for single-shot measurement of sub-5-fs pulses”
    Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 113106 (2015).
  • A. Trabattoni, M. Klinker, J. González-Vázquez, C. Liu, G. Sansone, R. Linguerri, M. Hochlaf, J. Klei, M. J. J. Vrakking, F. Martín, M. Nisoli, F. Calegari
    “Mapping the dissociative ionization dynamics of molecular nitrogen with attosecond time resolution”
    Phys. Rev. X 5, 041053 (2015).


  • F. Calegari, D. Ayuso, A. Trabattoni, L. Belshaw, S. De Camillis, S. Anumula, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, A. Palacios, P. Decleva, J. B. Greenwood, F. Martín, M. Nisoli
    “Ultrafast electron dynamics in phenylalanine initiated by attosecond pulses”
    Science 346, 336 (2014).
  • F. Frassetto, A. Trabattoni, S. Anumula, G. Sansone, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, L. Poletto
    “High-throughtput beamline for attosecond pulses based on toroidal mirrors with microfocusing capabilities “
    Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 103115 (2014).
  • C. Liu, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, M. Nisoli
    “Attosecond photoionization for reconstruction of bound electron wave packets”
    Phys. Rev. A 90, 013403 (2014).
  • Fabian Lücking, Andrea Trabattoni, Sunilkumar Anumula, Giuseppe Sansone, Francesca Calegari, Mauro Nisoli, Thomas Oksenhendler, and Gabriel Tempea
    “In situ measurement of nonlinear carrier-envelope phase changes in hollow fiber compression”
    Opt. Lett. 39, 2302-2305 (2014).
  • S. Miura, T. Ando, K. Ootaka, A. Iwasaki, H. Xu, T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, D. Hoff, T. Rathje, G.G. Paulus, M. Kitzler, A. Baltuška, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli
    “Carrier-envelope-phase dependence of asymmetric C-D bond breaking in C2D2 in an intense few-cycle laser field”
    Chem. Phys. Lett. 595, 61-66 (2014).


  • L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, S. Anumula, A. Trabattoni, M. Nisoli
    “Micro-focusing of attosecond pulses by grazing-incidence toroidal mirrors”
    Opt. Express 21, 13040-13051 (2013).
  • C. Liu, M. Reduzzi, A. Trabattoni, A. Sunilkumar, A. Dubrouil, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, and G. Sansone
    “Carrier-envelope phase effects of isolated attosecond pulses in two-color photoionization”
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123901 (2013).
  • K. Klünder, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, A. L’Huillier, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, M.J.J. Vrakking, K.J. Schafer and J. Mauritsson
    “Reconstruction of Attosecond Electron Wave Packets using Quantum State Holography”
    Phys. Rev. A 88, 033404 (2013).
  • C. Feng, J.-F. Hergott, P.-M. Paul, X. Chen, O. Tcherbakoff, M. Comte, O. Gobert, M. Reduzzi, F. Calegari, C. Manzoni, M. Nisoli, and G. Sansone
    “Complete analog control of the carrier-envelope-phase of a high-power laser amplifier Micro-focusing of attosecond pulses by grazing-incidence toroidal mirrors”
    Opt. Express 21, 25248 (2013).
  • M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri
    “Current frontiers of ultrafast and high field optics: attosecond science”
    Rivista del Nuovo Cimento 36, 105-172 (2013).


  • L. Belshaw, F. Calegari, M.J. Duffy, A. Trabattoni, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli and J.B. Greenwood
    “Observation of Ultrafast Charge Migration in an Amino Acid”
    J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 3751-3754 (2012).
  • C. Liu and M. Nisoli
    “Control of the polarization of isolated attosecond pulses in atoms with non-vanishing angular quantum number”
    Phys. Rev. A 85, 013418 (2012).
  • G. Sansone, F. Calegari and M. Nisoli
    “Attosecond technology and science”
    IEEE J. Selec. Topics in Quantum Electr. 18, 507-519 (2012).
  • F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, M. Negro, C. Vozzi, L. Poletto, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, G. Sansone, S. Stagira and M. Nisoli
    “Temporal gating methods for the generation of isolated attosecond pulses”
    J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074002 (2012).
  • M. Lucchini, F. Calegari, K. Kim, G. Sansone and M. Nisoli
    “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation in a highly ionized medium”
    New J. Phys. 14, 033009 (2012).
  • C. Liu and M. Nisoli
    “Complete characterization of a coherent superposition of atomic states by asymmetric attosecond photoionization”
    Phys. Rev. A 85, 053423 (2012).
  • M. Lucchini, K. Kim, F. Calegari, F. Kelkensberg, W. Siu, G. Sansone, M.J.J. Vrakking, M. Hochlaf, and M. Nisoli
    “Autoionization and ultrafast relaxation dynamics of highly-excited states in N2
    Phys. Rev. A 86 , 043404 (2012).
  • C. Liu and M. Nisoli
    “Attosecond electron interferometry for measurement of the quantum phase of free-electron wavepackets”
    Phys. Rev. A 86, 053404-1-5 (2012).
  • M. Suman, G. Monaco, P. Zuppella, P. Nicolosi, M.G. Pelizzo, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, M. Nisoli
    “Analysis of the damage effect of femtosecond-laser irradiation on extreme ultraviolet Mo/Si multilayer coating”
    Thin Solid Films 520, 2301-2306 (2012).


  • G. Sansone, L. Poletto, M. Nisoli
    “High-energy attosecond light sources”
    Nature Photon. 5, 655–663 (2011).
  • F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone and M. Nisoli
    “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media”
    Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802(R) (2011).
  • N.D Ouart, A.S. Safronova, A.Ya. Faenov, T.A. Pikuz, S.V. Gasilov, F. Calegari, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, S.Stagira, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi
    “Analysis of the simultaneous measurements of iron K- and L-shell radiation from ultrashort laser produced plasmas”
    J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 065602 (2011).
  • C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri and S. Stagira
    “Generalized molecular orbital tomography”
    Nature Phys. 7, 822-826 (2011).
  • A. Gazibegović-Busuladžić, E. Hasović, M. Busuladžić, D. B. Milošević, F. Kelkensberg, W. K. Siu, M.J.J. Vrakking, F. Lépine, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, I. Znakovskaya, and M. F. Kling
    “Above-threshold ionization of diatomic molecules by few-cycle laser pulses”
    Phys. Rev. A 84, 043426 (2011).


  • F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli
    “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields”
    Nature Photon. 4, 875-879 (2010).
  • C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, M. Negro, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, S. Stagira
    “High Order Harmonics Driven by a Self-Phase-Stabilized IR Parametric Source”
    Laser Physics 20, 1019–1027 (2010).
  • G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F Morales, M.F. Kling, W. Siu, O.Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J.L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, M.J.J. Vrakking
    “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization”
    Nature 465, 763-766 (2010).
  • C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, S. Stagira
    “High-order harmonics generated by 1.5 micron parametric source”
    J. Mod. Optics 57, 1008-1012 (2010).
  • J. Mauritsson, T. Remetter, M. Swoboda, K. Klüunder, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, O. Ghafur, F. Kelkensberg, W. Siu, P. Johnsson, M. J. J. Vrakking, I. Znakovskaya, T. Uphues, S. Zherebtsov, M.F. Kling, F.Lépine, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli
    “Attosecond electron spectroscopy using a novel interferometric pump-probe technique”
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053001 (2010).